Chapter 2: Acids, Bases and Salts

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Acids,Bases, and Salts

Question:

While diluting an acid, why is it recommended that the acid should be added to water and not water to the acid?

Answer:

The concentrated acid contains a lot of heat. So, when water is added to the concentrated acid, it generates a tremendous amount of heat which causes the mixture to splash out and can cause severe burns. So, to prevent this, the concentrated acid is added slowly to water with the help of a glass rod. Thus, the correct way to dilute the concentrated acid is shown below:


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