Chapter 2: Acids, Bases and Salts

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Acids,Bases, and Salts


Why do acids not show acidic behaviour in the absence of water?


The hydrogen ion is common in all acid while the hydroxide is present in all bases. The acidic nature of a substance is due to the release of hydrogen ion which is possible in aqueous solution only. For example, the hydrochloric acid is a strong acid that produces hydrogen ions only in presence of water. In the absence of water, separation of a hydrogen ion from HCl will not take place.

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