Chapter 5: The Living Organisms Characteristics and Habitats

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The living Organisms Characteristics and Habitats

Question:

How are cactus adapted to survive in a desert?

Answer:

Cactus is the most common plant found in the desert.

A cactus has the following adaptations to survive in the hot and dry environment of a desert:

1. The cactus plant has long roots to absorb water from a larger area.

2. The leaves of the cactus plant are modified in the form of spines to prevent water loss through transpiration.

3. Stem of the cactus plant is modified to perform photosynthesis and store water.

4. The stem of a cactus plant is covered with a thick waxy layer which prevents the loss of water from it through evaporation.


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