Chapter 2: Components of Food

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Q
Components of Food

Question:

Name the following:

(a) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.

(b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.

(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.

(d) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.

Answer:

(a) Carbohydrates are called energy-giving food. The major forms of carbohydrates in foods are sugar and starch and it comes from cereals like wheat and rice.

(b) Proteins are needed for the growth and repair of our body. Protein-rich foods are called body-building food.

(c) Vitamin A is required for maintaining good eyesight. The deficiency of this vitamin can cause night blindness.

(d) Calcium is a mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy. The deficiency of calcium can cause bone and tooth decay.


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