Chapter 1: Fibre to Fabric

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Fibre to Fabric


Classify the following fibres as natural or synthetic:

nylon, wool, cotton, silk, polyester, jute


The fibre that is obtained from natural sources like plants and animals, is called natural fibre. The fibre that is prepared by humans through chemical synthesis is called synthetic fibre or man-made fibre or artificial fibre.

Nylon is the first fully synthetic fibre that is prepared from coal, water and air. Wool is the natural fibre that is obtained from the hair of animals like sheep or camels. Cotton is a natural fibre that is obtained from a cotton boll. Silk is a natural fibre that is obtained from the silkworm. Polyester is the synthetic fibre that is derived from coal, petroleum, air, and water. Jute is obtained from a plant that is commonly used in the production of bags.

Hence, the correct answer is:

Natural fibre: {Wool, Cotton, Silk, Jute}

Synthetic fibre: {Nylon, Polyester}

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