Chapter 7: Reproduction in Plants

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Reproduction in Plants


Describe the different methods of asexual reproduction. Give examples.


In asexual reproduction, plants can give rise to new plants without seeds. Asexual reproduction in plants can take place by the following methods:

1. Vegetative propagation:  Vegetative propagation is a type of asexual reproduction in which new plants are produced from roots, stems, leaves, and buds. 

  • Vegetative propagation by stems – Example: rose, Champa, money plant, and sugarcane.
  • Vegetative propagation by roots – Example: Dahlia and sweet potato
  • Vegetative propagation by leaves – Example: Bryophyllum

2. Buddig: In budding, a small part of the body of the plant grows out as a bulb-like projection called ‘bud’ which gradually grows and detached from the parent body and forms a new plant. Eg: Yeast

3. Fragmentation: Fragmentation is the method in which the body of a plant is broken into two pieces on maturing and each part grows to form a new plant. Example: Spirogyra (algae).

4. Spore formation: In this method, the parent plant produces hundreds of tiny spores. These spores are released into the air and under favorable conditions; they germinate and produce new plants. Eg: Fungus and bread molds.

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