Chapter 5: Respiration in Organisms

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Respiration in Organisms

Question:

List the similarities and differences between aerobic and anaerobic respiration.

Answer:

The process by which energy is released from the digested food is called respiration. There are two types of respiration: Aerobic and Anaerobic respiration. The similarity between both the respiration is that both processes involve the breakdown of food (glucose) to release carbon dioxide and energy. 

The process of the breakdown of glucose with the use of oxygen is called aerobic respiration. For example, humans, dogs, lions, etc.

The process of the breakdown of glucose without the use of oxygen is called anaerobic respiration. It occurs in some organisms like yeast. They can survive in the absence of air. In absence of oxygen-glucose is breakdown into alcohol and carbon dioxide and energy is released.

 

 


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