Chapter 4: Cell - Structure and Functions

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Cell โ€“ Structure and Functions


Cells are the basic structural units of living organisms’. Explain.


The cell is the structural and functional unit of life. There is a large number and variety of organisms around us. All of them have different shapes and sizes. All these living organisms are made from cells. So, the cells are the basic unit of life. Like a house, which is made up of many bricks and we can say that the basic unit of a house or a wall is the brick. In the same way, living organisms are made up of cells. A group of cell forms a tissue that performs a special function in living organisms. Similarly, a group of tissue forms an organ, and a group of organs forms an organism. Thus, the cells are the building blocks of plants and animals.

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