Class 10 Science Karnataka Board Syllabus

Karnataka Board Science Syllabus

Class 10 Science Karnataka Board Syllabus

1.The Living World

  • Classification of Higher Plants
    • Plantae
      • Nonvascular plants – Higher algae and Bryophytes
      • Vascular plants – Pteridophyte, Spermatophyte-Habitat, General Characteristics and Economic importance of the above mentioned groups
    • Life cycle of Bryophytes and Pteridophytes
    • Classification of flowering plants monocots and dicots
  • Chordates
    • Animalia
      • Characteristics of chordate, differences between chordates and non-chordates – subphyla, proto chordate (hemi, uro and cephalochordates) and vertebrata
    • General characteristics of Pisces
      • Cartilage and Bonyfishes
      • Blue revolution
    • General characteristics of Amphibia
      • Transition from water to land, parental care
    • General characteristics of reptiles
      • Terrestrial adaption
      • Economic importance
      • Poisonous apparatus of snakeรขโ‚ฌโ€น
    • General characteristics of Aves
      • Reptiles to birds (Archaeopteryx)
      • Flight adaption
      • Bird migrationรขโ‚ฌโ€น
    • General characteristics of mammals
      • Echo location in bats
  • Plant Tissues
    • Meristematic Tissue
      • Apical
      • Intercalary
      • Lateral
  • Simple permanent tissue
    • Parenchyma
    • Collenchyma
    • Sclerenchyma
  • Complex permanent tissues
    • Xylem and Phloem
    • Arrangement of Vascular bundles in monocot & dicot stems
  • Animal Tissues
    • Structure, Type, Location and function of the following
      • Epithelial tissue
      • Squamous, cuboidal, columnar and stratified
      • Connective tissue
      • Areolar,  Adipose, Fibrous, Elastic, Cartilage, Bone, Blood and Lymph
      • Nervous tissue – Structure and function of a neuron

2.Materials

  • Electronics
    • Semi-conductors types, application
    • Diode
    • Transistors
    • Doping
    • Super conductivity
  • Synthetic materials
    • Manufacture of
      • Paper
      • Ceramics
      • Glass
      • Silicon and uses
    • Optical fibres
      • Composition
      • Properties
      • Uses

3.How Things work

  • Radio transmission
  • TV
  • Electromagnetic Induction
  • Faraday’s laws
  • DC Motor
  • AC & DC Dynamo
  • Heat Engines
  • External, internal efficiency
  • Ultrasound scanners
  • MRI
  • Metallurgy
    • Periodic classification
    • Metallurgy – Properties of metals, Occurrence
    • Concentration of ores and methods
    • Refining of metals
    • Alloys of Cu, Fe, Al and uses
    • Extraction of Fe and Aluminium
  • Organic Chemistry
    • Manufacture of Sugar
    • Fermentation of Sugar
    • Manufacture of alcohol
    • Organic compounds
      • Aliphatic
      • Alicyclic
      • Aromatic
      • Functional group NH2, CHO, COOH, OH
    • Polyfunctional compounds, hydrogenation of oils

4.Food

  • Plant Breeding Techniques
    • Common breeding techniques
    • Hybridization
    • Tissue Culture – Application and limitations
    • Genetically modified plants
    • Hydroponics
    • Aeroponics
    • Roof gardening
  • Role of biotechnology in Food Industries
    • Preservation
    • Odorants
    • Colorants
  • Animal breeding techniques
    • Animal husbandry
    • Animal breeding techniques

5.Microbes and Man

  • Microbial Diseases
    • Causes – Symptoms and preventive measures of
      • Chikungunya
      • Bird flu and dengue
  • Sexually Transmittable Infections
    • Syphilis
    • Gonorrhoea
    • Genital herpes
    • Genital warts
    • HIV / AIDS
    • Hepatitis – B

6.Environmental Science

  • Environmental Problems
  • Causes, effects and Prevention of the following
    • Air pollution
      • Acid rain
      • Global warming
      • Ozone depletion
    • Water pollution
      • Thermal Pollution
      • Soil Pollution
      • Noise Pollution
      • Radiation Pollution
  • Waste Disposal
    • Disposal of biodegradable and non-biodegradable wastes
  • Natural Resources
    • Solar energy and devices
    • Wind energy
    • Tidal energy
    • Geothermal energy
    • Alternative sources of energy
    • Biofuels

7.Life Processes

  • Control and coordination in plants
    • Chemical coordination in plants
    • Irribility in plants
    • Plant hormones
      • Auxins, Gibberellins, Cyto Kines, Abscise acid, Ethylene
      • Role and uses of plant hormones in agriculture
      • Bonsai Culture
  • Chemical coordination in animals
    • Homeostasis
    • Endocrine glands
    • Hormones-Steroids and no steroids
    • Location, function and effect of hyper and hypo secretions
  • Nervous Coordination in animals
    • Nervous system in Man
    • Conduction of nerve impulses – CNS – PNS – ANS Brain mapping ill effects of drugs
    • Sense organs in man. Eye-Ear-Stru & function Nose, Tongue-Skin Defects & care of sense organs

8.Reproduction and Heredity

  • Heredity and Variation
  • Mendels’s experiments
    • Principle of dominance
    • Laws of segregation
    • Law of independent assortement
  • Deviation from the principle of dominance – incomplete dominance
  • Sex determination
  • Sex linked inheritance
  • Sex abnormalities
  • DNA – Hereditary Material components and structures
  • Brief account of Watson & Krick’s contributions DNA technology
    • DNA finger print technology
    • Recombinant DNA technology
    • Cloning – stem cell culture

9.Motion

  • Types of motion
    • Linear motion
    • Circular motion
    • Wave motion
    • Simple harmonic motion
    • Applications and examples
  • Faraday’s law of electrolysis, Electrolytes & Types and examples
  • Gas laws
  • Boyle – Charl’s law Grahm laws of diffusion
  • Electrolysis
    • Electrolytes and non-electrolytes
    • Applications
  • Types of reactions
    • Exothermix and Endothermic reaction
      • Definition
      • Examples

10.Energy, Work and Force

  • Sound
    • Properties
    • Echo
    • Wave Velocity V-nλ
    • Ultrasonics
    • Sonar
    • Radar
  • Nuclear energy
    • Fission
    • Fusion
    • Nuclear reactor

11.Space Science

  • Birth – Life – Death of a star
  • Black hole
  • Colour of Star
  • Bigbang theory
  • Galaxies & types
    • Work of Rockets
    • Multistage Rockets
    • Artificial Satellites
    • Orbital Velocity
    • Escape Velocity
    • Indian contribution to space science
    • Chadrayan

12.Evolution of Life

  • Human Evolution
    • Evolution of man
      • Trends in human evolution
      • Human ancestors
      • Distinct features of each stage
Study Materials for Class 10

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