CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus

The syllabus for the Social Sciences attempts to advance an on-going process of assisting children and young people to understand that a healthy engagement with the world must come as much from the way society takes shape and functions as from a proper sense of its material and physical foundations. From this, it is expected, a vision will evolve that the Social Sciences provide both essential skills of comprehension that are fundamental to any activity, and a means of self-understanding and fulfilment that can be diverting, exciting and challenging.

Social Science Unit-Wise Weightage 


Units Unit Name Marks
I India and the Contemporary World - II 20
II Contemporary India - II 20
III Democratic Politics - II 20
IV Understanding Economic Development 20
  Total 80

Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World – II

  • The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
    • The French Revolution and the Idea of the Nation
    • The Making of Nationalism in Europe
    • The Age of Revolutions: 1830-1848
    • The Making of Germany and Italy
    • Visualizing the Nation
    • Nationalism and Imperialism
  • Nationalism in India
    • The First World War, Khilafat and Non -Cooperation
    • Differing Strands within the Movement
    • Towards Civil Disobedience
    • The Sense of Collective Belonging
  • The Making of a Global World
    • The Pre-modern world
    • The Nineteenth Century (1815-1914)
    • The Inter war Economy
    • Rebuilding a World Economy: The Post-War Era
  • The Age of Industrialization
    • Before the Industrial Revolution
    • Hand Labour and Steam Power
    • Industrialization in the colonies
    • Factories Come Up
    • The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth
    • Market for Goods
  • Print Culture and the Modern World
    • The First Printed Books
    • Print Comes to Europe
    • The Print Revolution and its Impact
    • The Reading Mania
    • The Nineteenth Century
    • India and the World of Print
    • Religious Reform and Public Debates
    • New Forms of Publication
    • Print and Censorship

Unit 2: Contemporary India - II 

  • Resources and Development
    • Types of Resources
      • Development of Resources
      • Resource Planning in India
      • Land Resources
      • Land Utilization
      • Land Use Pattern in India
      • Land Degradation and Conservation
    • Measures 
      • Soil as a Resource
      • Classification of Soils
      • Soil Erosion and Soil Conservation
  • Forest and Wildlife
    • Biodiversity or Biological Diversity
    • Flora and Fauna in India
    • Vanishing Forests
    • Asiatic Cheetah: Where did they go?
    • The Himalayan Yew in trouble
    • Conservation of forest and wildlife in India
    • Project Tiger
    • Types and distribution of forests and wildlife resources
    • Community and Conservation
  • Water Resources
    • Water Scarcity and The Need for Water Conservation and Management
    • Multi-Purpose River Projects and Integrated Water Resources Management
    • Rainwater Harvesting
  • Agriculture
    • Types of farming
    • Cropping Pattern
    • Major Crops
    • Technological and Institutional Reforms
    • Impact of Globalization on Agriculture
  • Minerals and Energy Resources
    • Mode of occurrence of Minerals
    • Ferron’s and Non-Ferrous Minerals
    • Non-Metallic Minerals
    • Rock Minerals
    • Conservation of Minerals
    • Energy Resources
    • Conventional and Non-Conventional
    • Conservation of Energy Resources
  • Manufacturing Industries
    • Importance of manufacturing
    • Contribution of Industry to National Economy
    • Industrial Location
    • Classification of Industries
    • Spatial distribution
    • Industrial pollution and environmental
    • Control of Environmental Degradation
  • Life Lines of National Economy
    • Transport – Roadways, Railways, Pipelines, Waterways, Airways
    • Communication
    • International Trade
    • Tourism as a Trade

Unit 3: Democratic Politics – II

  • Power Sharing
    • Case Studies of Belgium and Sri Lanka
    • Why power sharing is desirable
    • Forms of Power Sharing
  • Federalism
    • What is Federalism
    • What make India a Federal Country
    • How is Federalism practiced?
    • Decentralization in India
  • Democracy and Diversity
    • Case Studies of Mexico
    • Differences, similarities and divisions
    • Politics of social divisions
  • Gender, Religion and Caste
    • Gender and Politics
    • Religion, Communalism and Politics
    • Caste and Politics
  • Popular Struggles and Movements
    • Popular Struggles in Nepal and Bolivia
    • Mobilization and Organization
    • Pressure Groups and Movements
  • Political Parties
    • Why do we need Political Parties
    • How many Parties should we have
    • National Political Parties
    • State Parties
    • Challenges to Political Parties
    • How can Parties be reformed?
  • Outcomes of Democracy
    • Accountable, responsive and legitimate government
    • Economic growth and development
    • Reduction of inequality and poverty
    • Accommodation of social diversity
    • Dignity and freedom of the citizens
  • Challenges to Democracy
    • Thinking about challenges
    • Thinking about Political Reforms
    • Redefining democracy

Unit 4: Understanding Economic Development

  • Development
    • What Development Promises – Different people different goals
    • Income and other goals
    • National Development
    • How to compare different countries or states
    • Income and other criteria
    • Public Facilities
    • Sustainability of development
  • Sectors of the Indian Economy
    • Comparing the three sectors
    • Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sectors in India
    • Division of sectors as organized and unorganized
    • Sectors in terms of ownership: Public and Private Sectors
  • Money and Credit
    • Money as a medium of exchange
    • Modern forms of money
    • Loan activities of Banks
    • Two different credit situations
    • Terms of credit
    • Formal sector credit in India
    • Self Help Groups for the Poor
  • Globalization and the Indian Economy
    • Interlinking production across countries
    • World Trade Organization
    • Impact of Globalization on India
    • The Struggle for a Fair Globalisation Foreign Trade and integration of markets Globalisation
    • Factors that have enabled Globalisation
    • What is globalization
  • Consumer Rights
    • Consumer Rights’ to be done as Project Work. Every student has to compulsorily undertake any one project on the following topics:
  • Consumer Awareness


  • Social Issues


  • Sustainable Development

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