Class 8 Social Science Karnataka Board Syllabus

Karnataka Board Social Science Syllabus

Class 8 Social Science Karnataka Board Syllabus

History

1.Sources of History

  • Introduction
  • Literature
  • Inscriptions
  • Numismatics
  • Architecture
  • Monuments
  • Legends
  • Oral Sources

2.Geographical Features and Pre-history of India

  • Introduction
  • Geographical features of India
  • Pre-historic Period
    • Old Stone Age
    • Microlithic Age
    • Neolithic Age
    • Metal Age

3.India’s Ancient Civilizations

  • Introduction
  • Indus Civilization
  • Vedic Age – Early Vedic Period
    • Polity
    • Society
    • Religious Beliefs

4.World’s Ancient Civilization

  • Introduction
  • Egyptian Civilization
  • Mesopotamian Civilization
  • Chinese Civilization
    • Polity
    • Society
    • Religious Beliefs
    • Literature
    • Science
    • Art and Architecture

5.Greek, Roman and American Civilization

  • Introduction
  • Greek, Roman and American Civilization
    • Polity
    • Society
    • Religious Beliefs
    • Science
    • Literature
    • Art and Architecture

6.North India from 6th C.B.C. to 3rd C.B.C.

  • Introduction
  • Birth of New Religions
    • Jainism
    • Buddhism
  • Foreign Invasion – Alexander – Impact of Foreign Invation

7.Mouryas- Kushanas

  • Mouryas
    • Policy
    • Society
    • Economy
    • Literature
    • Art and Architecture
  • Kushanar
    • Policy
    • Society
    • Economy
    • Literature
    • Art and Architecture

8.The Guptas and Vadhanas

  • Introduction
  • The Gupta Age
    • Polity
    • Society
    • Economy
    • Religious Beliefs
    • Literature
    • Science
    • Art and Architecture
  • The Vardhanas
    • Polity
    • Society
    • Economy
    • Religious Beliefs
    • Literature
    • Science
    • Art and Architecture

9.South India form 3rd C.B.C. to 6th C.B.C.

  • Introduction
  • Satavahanas
  • Kadambas
  • Gangas
  • Contributions
    • Polity
    • Society
    • Economy
    • Religious Beliefs
    • Literature
    • Science
    • Art and Architecture

10.The Chalukyas of Badami and the Pallavas of Kanchi

  • Introduction
  • The Chalukyas of Badami
  • The Pallavas of Kanchi
  • Chalukya Pallava conflict
    • Polity
    • Society
    • Economy
    • Religious Beliefs
    • Literature
    • Art and Architecture

11.The Rastrakutas of Manyakheta and the Chalukyas of Kalyan

  • Introduction
  • The Rastrokutas of Manyakheta
  • The Chalukyas of Kalyana
  • Contribution

12.The Cholas of Tanjore and The Hoysalas of Dorasamudra

  • Introduction
  • The Cholas of Tanjove
  • The Hoyasalas of Dorasamudra
  • Contributions

Political Science

1.Importance of the Study of Political Science

  • Meaning
  • Importance

2.Citizen and Citizenship

  • Citizen – Meaning
  • Citizenship
  • Difference between Citizen and Alien
  • Ways of Acquiring Citizenship
  • Loss of Citizenship
  • Benefits of Citizenship
  • Citizen and the Government

3.Democracy

  • Meaning and Definition
  • Differences between Democracy, Dictatorship and Monarchy
  • Types of Democracy
  • Principles of Democracy
  • Characteristics of Democracy
  • Defects of Democracy
  • Universal Adult Franchise
  • Election Process
  • Party System
  • Public Opinion
  • Freedom of Press and Electronic Media - Influence

4.Local Self Government

  • Panchayat Raj System – Development
  • Grama Panchayat
  • Taluk Panchayat
  • Zilla Panchayat
  • Town Minicipalities
  • City Corporation
  • Bruhat Mahanagarapalike
  • Composition, Powers and Funcitons
  • Sources of Income and Expenditure

Geography

1.Earth

  • Earth: Size, Area, Distribution of Land and Water Bodies
  • Earth’s Interior and Composition

2.Lithosphere

  • Meaning and Importance
  • Rocks: Formation and Types
  • Internal Forces: Volcanos, Earthquakes, Folds and Faults
  • External Forces: Weathering
    • Meaning and Types
  • Denudation: Agents of Gradation River, Glacier, Underground Water, Wing and Sea Waves

3.Atmosphere

  • Meaning and Importance
  • Structure and Composition of the Atmosphere
  • Elements of Atmosphere: Temperature, Pressure, Wind, Humidity, Clouds and Rainfall
  • Temperature: Horizontal and Vertical Distribution of Temperature, Temperature Zones, Factors, Influencing Temperature
  • Pressure: Horizontal and Vertical Distribution of Pressure, Major Pressure belts of the Globe
  • Winds: Types and Importance
  • Humidity: Types – Absolute and Relative Humidity
  • Clouds: Types and Features
  • Rainfall: Types and Distribution
  • Weather and Clime: Factors affecting the Climate of a Place

4.Hydrosphere

  • Distribution of Water Bodies: Meaning of Oceans, Sea, Gulf, Bay, Strait, Isthmus etc.
  • Topology of the Ocean Floor
  • Temperature and Salinity of the Ocean Water – Distribution
  • Ocean Currents: Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean Currents
  • Tides: Causes, Types and Uses
  • Conservations of Oceans

5.Biosphere

  • Meaning and Importance
  • Ecology: Ecological Balance and Imbalance
  • Environment: Environmental Pollutions: Air, Water, Noise, Soil
  • Global Warming – Green House Effect, Ozone Depletion, Acid Rain
  • Bio-diversity: Meaning and Conservation
  • “Save Earth”, “Save Maker Planet” - Programmes

Business Studies

1.Evolution and Growth of Commerce

  • Economics Activity
  • Exchange
  • Growth
  • Commerce in 21st Century

2.Business

  • Meaning of Business
  • Trade, Industry and Service
  • For Profit Business and Non-profit Business
  • Business Ethics and Social Responsibilities

3.Formation of Small Scale Business Organisation

  • Meaning of Business Organisation
  • Sole Trading Organisation
  • Partnership Firm
  • Hindu Undivided Family Firm
  • Registration

4.Formation of Large Scale Business Organisation

  • Co-operative Societies
  • Joint-stock Companies
  • Multi-national Corporation
  • Registration
  • Share Markets

Economics

1.Economics

  • Meaning and Importance of the Study of Economics
  • Economic Activities
  • Production
  • Factors of Production

2.Natural Resources

  • Scarcity of Resources
  • Exhaustible and Non-exhaustible Resources
  • Deforestation and Desertification
  • Carrying Capacity and Climate Change

3.Human Resources

  • People as Resources
  • Population Growth
  • Demographic Transition
  • Reproductive Health and Quality of Population

4.Poverty and Hunger

  • Who are Poor?
  • Indicators of Poverty
  • Hunger and Famines
  • Food Security and Eradication of Poverty

Sociology

1.We and the World

  • The Human Species – Evolution (Finger thumb opposition, erect posture, large brain etc.,)
  • Man / Woman is a Social Animal
  • Human child Vs. that of animals. (long years of dependency – food, security, protection, warmth etc.,)
  • “Man becomes man only among men” (experiments of unsocialized children)
  • Human beings and language
  • Man/woman also a tool-making animal. (Homo Sapines)
  • Pioneering Sociologists

2.Culture, Society

  • Culture
  • Cultural diversity
  • Norms and Practices (from what is to what ought to be)

3.Social Interaction and Everyday Life

  • The Study of Everyday Life
  • Non-verbal communication
  • Face, Body and Speech in Interaction
  • What are roles? How do we learn to play roles?
  • How do people come to occupy rules in a lifetime?

4.Types of Society

  • The Earliest Societies
    • Hunters and gathers
    • Pastoral and agrarian societies
    • The industrialising societies
Study Materials for Class 8

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