CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus

CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus

1. Physical World

  • What is physics?
  • Scope and excitement of physics
  • Physics, technology and society
  • Fundamental forces in nature
  • Nature of physical laws 

2. Units And Measurements

  • Introduction
  • The international system of units
  • Measurement of length
  • Measurement of mass
  • Measurement of time
  • Accuracy, precision of instruments and errors in measurement
  • Significant figures
  • Dimensions of physical quantities
  • Dimensional formulae and dimensional equations
  • Dimensional analysis and its applications 

3. Motion in a Straight Line

  • Introduction
  • Position, path length and displacement
  • Average velocity and average speed
  • Instantaneous velocity and speed
  • Acceleration
  • Kinematic equations for uniformly accelerated motion
  • Relative velocity 

4. Motion in a Plane

  • Introduction
  • Scalars and vectors
  • Multiplication of vectors by real numbers
  • Addition and subtraction of vectors – graphical method
  • Resolution of vectors 
  • Vector addition – analytical method
  • Motion in a plane
  • Motion in a plane with constant acceleration
  • Relative velocity in two dimensions
  • Projectile motion
  • Uniform circular motion 

5. Laws Of Motion

  • Introduction
  • Aristotle’s fallacy
  • The law of inertia
  • Newton’s first law of motion
  • Newton’s second law of motion
  • Newton’s third law of motion
  • Conservation of momentum
  • Equilibrium of a particle
  • Common forces in mechanics
  • Circular motion
  • Solving problems in mechanics 

6. Work, Energy And Power

  • Introduction
  • Notions of work and kinetic energy: The work-energy theorem
  • Work
  • Kinetic energy
  • Work done by a variable force
  • The work-energy theorem for a variable force
  • The concept of potential energy
  • The conservation of mechanical energy
  • The potential energy of a spring
  • Various forms of energy: the law of conservation of energy
  • Power 
  • Collisions

7. System Of Particles And Rotational Motion

  • Introduction
  • Centre of mass
  • Motion of center of mass
  • Linear momentum of a system of particles
  • Vector product of two vectors
  • Angular velocity and its relation with linear velocity
  • Torque and angular momentum
  • Equilibrium of a rigid body
  • Moment of inertia
  • Theorems of perpendicular and parallel axes
  • Kinematics of rotational motion about a fixed axis
  • Dynamics of rotational motion about a fixed axis
  • Angular momentum in case of rotations about a fixed axis
  • Rolling motion

8. Gravitation 

  • Introduction
  • Kepler’s laws
  • Universal law of gravitation
  • The gravitational constant
  • Acceleration due to gravity of the earth
  • Acceleration due to gravity below and above the surface of earth
  • Gravitational potential energy
  • Escape speed
  • Earth satellite
  • Energy of an orbiting satellite
  • Geostationary and polar satellites
  • Weightlessness

9. Mechanical Properties Of Solids

  • Introduction
  • Elastic behavior of solids
  • Stress and strain
  • Hooke’s law
  • Stress-strain curve
  • Elastic moduli
  • Applications of elastic behavior of materials

10. Mechanical Properties Of Fluids

  • Introduction
  • Pressure
  • Streamline flow
  • Bernoulli’s principle
  • Viscosity
  • Surface tension

11. Thermal Properties OF Matter

  • Introduction
  • Temperature and heat
  • Measurement of temperature
  • Ideal-gas equation and absolute temperature
  • Thermal expansion
  • Specific heat capacity
  • Calorimetry
  • Change of state
  • Heat transfer
  • Newton’s law of cooling

12. Thermodynamics

  • Introduction
  • Thermal equilibrium
  • Zeroth law of thermodynamics
  • Heat, internal energy and work
  • First law of thermodynamics
  • Specific heat capacity
  • Thermodynamic state variables and equation of state
  • Thermodynamic processes
  • Heat engines
  • Refrigerators and heat pumps
  • Second law of thermodynamics
  • Reversible and irreversible processes
  • Carnot engine 

13. Kinetic Theory

  • Introduction
  • Molecular nature of matter
  • Behavior of gases
  • Kinetic theory of an ideal gas
  • Law of equipartition of energy
  • Specific heat capacity
  • Mean free path

14. Oscillations

  • Introduction
  • Periodic and oscillatory motions
  • Simple harmonic motion
  • Simple harmonic motion and uniform circular motion
  • Velocity and acceleration in simple harmonic motion
  • Force law for simple harmonic motion
  • Energy in simple harmonic motion
  • Some systems executing Simple Harmonic Motion
  • Damped simple harmonic motion
  • Forced oscillations and resonance

15. Waves

  • Introduction
  • Transverse and longitudinal waves
  • Displacement relation in a progressive wave
  • The speed of a traveling wave
  • The principle of superposition of waves
  • Reflection of waves
  • Beats
  • Doppler effect

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