CBSE Class 12 Political Science Syllabus

CBSE Class 12 Political Science Syllabus

Class 12 Political Science Syllabus

Given below is the syllabus of Political Science

Political Science

1. Cold War Era

2. The End of bipolarity

3. US Hegemony in World Politics

4. Alternative Centres of power

5. Contemporary South Asia

6. International Organizations

7. Security in Contemporary World

8. Environment and Natural Resources

9. Globalization

10. Challenges of Nation Building

11. Ear of One-Party Dominance

12. Politics of Planned Development

13. India’s External relations

14. Challenges to the Congress System

15. Crisis of the Democratic Order

16. Rise of Popular Movements

17. Regional aspirations

18. Recent Developments in Indian Politics


Detailed syllabus of Political Science

Part A: Contemporary World Politics

1. Cold War Era

  • Emergence of two power blocs after the second world war.
  • Arenas of the cold war.
  • Challenges to Bipolarity: Non-Aligned Movement, quest for new international economic order.
  • India and the cold war.

2. The End of Bipolarity

  • New entities in world politics: Russia, Balkan states and Central Asian states.
  • Introduction of democratic politics and capitalism in post-communist regimes. India’s relations with Russia and other post-communist countries.

3. US Hegemony in World Politics

  • Growth of unilateralism: Afghanistan, first Gulf War, response to 9/11 and attack on Iraq.
  • Dominance and challenge to the US in economy and ideology.
  • India’s renegotiation of its relationship with USA.

4. Alternative Centres of Power

  • Rise of China as an economic power in post-Mao era, creation and expansion of European Union, ASEAN. India’s changing relations with China.

5. Contemporary South Asia in the Post-Cold War Era

  • Democratization in Pakistan and Nepal. Ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka, Impact of economic globalization on the region.
  • Conflicts and efforts for peace in South Asia. India’s relation with its neighbors.

6. International Organizations

  • Restructuring and the future of the UN. India’s position in the restructured UN. Rise of new international actors: new international economic organizations, NGOs. How democratic and accountable are the new institutions of global governance?

7. Security in Contemporary World

  • Traditional concerns of security and politics of disarmament.
  • Non-traditional or human security: global poverty, health and education.
  • Issues of human rights and migration.

8. Environment and Natural Resources

  • Environment movement and evolution of global environmental norms. Conflicts over traditional and common property resources. Rights of indigenous people. India’s stand in global environmental debates.

9. Globalization

  • Economic, cultural and political manifestations. Debates on the nature of consequences of globalization. Anti-globalization movements. India as an arena of globalization and struggle against it.

 

Part B: Politics in India since Independence

10. Challenges of Nation-Building

  • Nehru’s approach to nation-building; Legacy of partition: challenge of ‘refugee’ resettlement, the Kashmir problem.
  • Organization and reorganization of states; Political conflicts over language.

11. Era of One-Party Dominance

  • First three general elections, nature of Congress dominance at the national level, uneven dominance at the state level, coalitional nature of Congress. Major opposition parties.

12. Politics of Planned Development

  • Five-year plans, expansion of state sector and the rise of new economic interests. Famine and suspension of five-year plans. Green Revolution and its political fallouts.

13. India’s External Relations

  • Nehru’s foreign policy. Sino-Indian war of 1962, Indo-Pak war of 1965 and 1971. India’s nuclear programme. Shifting alliance in world politics.

14. Challenges to the Congress System

  • Political succession after Nehru. Non-Congresses and electoral upset of 1967, Congress split and reconstitution, Congress’ victory in 1971 elections, politics of ‘garibi hatao’

15. Crisis of the Democratic Order

  • Search for ‘committed’ bureaucracy and judiciary. Navnirman movement in Gujarat and the Bihar movement. Emergency: context, constitutional and extra-constitutional dimensions, resistance to emergency. 1977 elections and the formation of Janata Party. Rise of civil liberties organizations.

16. Popular Movements in India

  • Farmers’ movements, Women’s movement, Environment and Development-affected people’s movements. Implementation of Mandal Commission report and its aftermath.

17. Regional Aspirations

  • Rise of regional parties. Punjab crisis and the anti-Sikh riots of 1984. The Kashmir situation. Challenges and responses in the North East.

18. Recent Developments in Indian Politics

  • Participatory upsurge in 1990s. rise of the JD and the BJP.
  • Increasing role of regional parties and coalition politics.
  • Coalition governments:
    • NDA (1998-2004)
    • UPA (2004-2014)
    • NDS (2014 onwards)

   

Choose EduSaksham¢î
Embrace Better Learning

edusaksham-mobile-app